CLOUD COMPUTING IN USA: The term “cloud” is referred to the virtualization of resources (networks, servers, applications, services and data storage). Cloud computing is a necessity in today’s generation. It is because with the help of cloud computing only online services like sending of mails, editing of documents, watching videos and sharing of the files, analyzing data, hosting websites and blogs, delivering of software can take place.
Web technologies creates interface between the clients and client servers. It provides safety to the internet based applications to the users as well as proper access of information. The raising demand of cloud computing can be seen in United States of America.
It has been estimated by a survey that the government of United States will be spending the huge amount of US$10 Billion on cloud computing by the year 2023. It clearly depicts the need, growth and use of cloud computing in US. The top companies which are preferred for cloud computing are: Amazon Web Service (AWS), Microsoft, AWS, Google Cloud Platform, IBM, Oracle, Rackspace.
FEATURES OF CLOUD COMPUTING WHICH ATTRACTS USERS:
- It provides access to number of applications without having any need to install or download anything.
- It has ability to run applications from any computer and anywhere in the world.
- It is cost efficient as it gives saving on hardware and software costs with the amount used.
- It gives ability to companies for sharing resources from place.
Cloud computing brings a range of technologies which is capable of delivering scalable, tailored and virtualized IT resources and applications over the Internet. There are 3 types of cloud computing:
- IaaS ( INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE) : It permits the user to access infrastructure services as a service.
- PaaS (PLATFORM AS A SERVICE) : It has number of services from simple based applications to more stiff applications of enterprise.
- SaaS (SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE): it provides software applications and data storage to the general public.
Cloud computing has now converted into a billion dollar industry. It has specialisations which provides services like cloud architecture, cloud security, management of cloud infrastructure, management and data storage, data visualisation, programming for data analytics, research and methods of business in computing and many more.
The growth in demand of cloud computing can be seen in both public and private sector of the company. It is a necessity of growing generation for working on new developed tactics so that they can cope up with ideas of new era.
According to the report in worldwide spending of money on cloud computing, the only spending amount of United States is expected to increase from US$ 67 billion in 2015 to US$162 billion in 2020.
There are some popular universities in USA which has cloud computing as its subject. Here are the names of top universities as per US News, Times and ARWO ranking.
- STANFORD UNIVERSITY
- BOSTON UNIVERSITY
- OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY
- NEW YORK UNIVERSITY
- PRINCETON UNIVERSITY
- CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY
- UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND
- HARVARD UNIVERSITY
- YALE UNIVERSITY
- DUKE UNIVERSITY
All kinds of cloud computing transaction takes place in United States (including public, private and hybrid cloud models). Both the private and public sector uses cloud computing not only for the purpose of benefits but because of the increment in the services provided by business and governmental organisation being replaced by the cloud offerings.
In United States, from legal view cloud computing basically deals with commercial contracts which is mainly a matter of the state. Number of studies on cloud computing are done in US. and according to the studies done it has been estimated that the growth of cloud computing in US will seems to continue for over next 5 years.
According to IDG communications who once commenced study on cloud computing found that 73 percent of the 550 surveyed organisations had one part of their computing infrastructure in the cloud offering. Its average environment had 53 percent non-cloud infrastructure, 23 percent of SaaS, 16 percent of IaaS and 9 percent of PaaS resources.
Thus the importance of cloud computing in today’s era cannot be ignored. It has made life easier and acknowledged people about its use. Its vast use across the world depicts that the need of cloud computing in usa is going at par in future.